An osteotomy of the knee is a type of surgery in which the orthopaedic
surgeon removes a portion of bone to correct knee problems. Not everyone
with knee pain may require a knee osteotomy. However, for some patients,
a knee osteotomy can restore joint function and improve the comfort, mobility
and quality of life. Consider talking to an
orthopaedic surgeon about whether a knee osteotomy might be right for you.
What to expect
An orthopaedic surgeon may recommend a knee osteotomy for patients who
have severe or persistent knee pain. Ideal candidates have knee pain that
is primarily caused by activity or prolonged periods of standing. The
knee pain should be located on one side of the knee and not underneath
the kneecap. While knee osteotomies are often performed on patients with
symptoms caused by arthritis of the knee, this procedure is not appropriate
for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis.
An orthopaedic surgeon may perform a knee osteotomy under general or regional
anesthesia. First, the surgeon makes an incision in the front of the knee
just below the kneecap. The surgeon cuts part of the tibia, which is the
shinbone, and removes a wedge of it. Sometimes, orthopaedic surgeons remove
part of the femur, or thighbone. Then, the ends of the bone are brought
together and held in place with a plate and screws. This type of osteotomy
procedure is known as a closing wedge osteotomy. Alternatively, the orthopaedic
surgeon may perform an opening wedge osteotomy. During this procedure,
the wedge of bone is opened and the surgeon places a bone graft instead
of a surgical plate.
Are their Potential Risks?
There are potential risks with any surgical procedure, such as infection
and blood clots. However, there is also a risk in not treating knee arthritis.
Without a knee osteotomy, patients with knee arthritis may experience a more
rapid progression of this joint disease. This may involve limited joint function and a decreased quality of life.
For further information about knee osteotomies or knee replacement surgery,
visit an orthopaedic surgeon in Plainfield or Joliet. Orthopaedic specialist,
Mukund Komanduri and Ryan Pizinger of MK Orthopaedics are pleased to provide
sophisticated treatment options for patients with knee pain. Make and appointment by going online
to mkortho.org or calling (815) 741-6900.