Femoral acetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS), commonly called hip impingement
syndrome, is a condition in which components of the hip joint improperly
contact each other during movement, resulting in painful symptoms. An
orthopaedic doctor may recommend conservative or surgical treatment options for patients
with hip impingement syndrome.
The primary symptom of hip impingement syndrome is pain of the hip, which
primarily affects the groin region. Patients may develop chronic pain
and they may suffer from reduced range of motion of the joint. Patients
may also experience difficulty completing activities that require hip
flexion, such as squatting, sitting, and bending. Generally, the hip pain
is decreased when patients are in a straightened position or walk on a
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The top of the thighbone, which is
a ball-like structure called the femoral head, rests in the acetabulum,
which is the socket within the pelvis. In a healthy joint, the femoral
head glides easily within the socket. With hip impingement syndrome, this
smooth motion is impaired and the friction of the two components leads
to pain. There are a few different possible
causes of hip impingement syndrome, including a deformity of the femoral head, which is known as cam impingement.
Or, the deformity may involve the acetabulum. The front rim of the acetabulum
may protrude too far outward and the femoral head may contact this area
Initially, an orthopaedic doctor may recommend conservative treatments
such as rest, activity modification, physical therapy, and nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If the patient continues to suffer from
symptoms, an orthopaedic surgeon may perform hip arthroscopy. During surgery,
the orthopaedic surgeon may remove bone spurs and diseased cartilage,
and repair or remove the labrum. By leaving hip impingement syndrome untreated
or by delaying surgery unnecessarily, patients risk inflicting further
damage to the joint.
Very few sports medicine practices treat hip impingement syndrome. At
MK Orthopaedics, our orthopaedic doctor serving New Lenox specializes in the sophisticated
diagnostic and therapeutic techniques for patients with hip impingement
syndrome. We also regularly perform hip replacement surgery. If you are
suffering from hip pain, call (815) 741-6900 and let our joint specialists help.