The cartilage in your joints helps your body move without pain or difficulty.
When patients suffer from an injury or condition that affects their cartilage
and fails to respond to non-invasive treatments, their
orthopaedic doctor may recommend cartilage transplantation.
Conditions that Damage Cartilage
Articular cartilage describes the cushioning tissue that protects the ends
of bones where they meet at joints. This cartilage is what allows your
bones to glide comfortably against each other when you move. Injury, overuse,
meniscus tears, misalignment, and muscle weakness can all contribute or
cause damage to articular cartilage. Medical conditions that can result
in worn down joint cartilage include infections, psoriasis, osteoarthritis,
lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Benefits of Cartilage Transplantation
Cartilage does not typically heal itself well, so transplantation is often
required for the alleviation of severe symptoms related to cartilage damage.
By replacing the deteriorated cartilage with fresh, healthy tissue, patients
can experience a reduction in their symptoms that can include poor joint
function and joint pain.
Candidates for Cartilage Transplantation
In many cases, orthopaedic doctors recommend this procedure to patients
who are young and are not likely to experience further cartilage damage
in the near future. Ideal candidates are under 55 years of age and are
at a healthy weight. They will also experience persistent pain with activity,
have stable ligaments and proper alignment in the joint, and have little
or no arthritis in the joint.
Types of Cartilage Transplantation
This procedure falls into two primary categories: autograft and allograft.
Autograft cartilage transplantation involves taking the cartilage from
one part of the patient’s body and placing it in the damaged area.
Allograft cartilage transplantation, on the other hand, uses healthy cartilage
tissue from a deceased human donor. The joints most commonly treated with
this surgery are the knee, ankle, and shoulder.
Do you need an orthopaedic doctor in Joliet? If so, look no further than
MK Orthopaedics. To schedule an ACL tear appointment with one of our experienced doctors,
call us today at (815) 741-6900.