MK Orthopaedics
MK Orthopaedics can help you get active again. Our physicians specialize in treating hip, shoulder, spine, foot & ankle injuries or conditions. Call 815 207 8280 today!
815.741.6900 Joliet | Bolingbrook | Channahon | Plainfield

5 Need to Know Facts About Osteomyelitis

Osteomyelitis is another term for a bone infection. Osteomyelitis typically affects the bones in the arms or legs when children develop it. In adults, the most commonly infected bones are the feet, hips, and vertebrae. Osteomyelitis can be very serious when left untreated, so consult an orthopaedic doctor right away if you have any possible symptoms of it.

Osteomyelitis symptoms can be systemic.

The symptoms of osteomyelitis can be localized to the area of the infection, such as pain, swelling, and skin ulcers. They can also be systemic, which means the symptoms affect the whole body. The systemic symptoms can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Malaise

It may be caused by different types of germs.

Bone infections are usually caused by staphylococcus bacteria. However, they can also be caused by other germs, such as fungi. The germs may enter the body and reach the bone after a patient is affected by:

  • A deep puncture wound
  • An open fracture
  • An orthopaedic surgery
  • An infection elsewhere in the body that travels to the bone

Diabetics are at a higher risk of osteomyelitis.

Some people have a harder time fighting off the germs that cause osteomyelitis. Diabetics, for example, may have impaired blood circulation, and this places them at a higher risk of infections. Other patients may be at a higher risk if they are affected by:

  • Hemodialysis
  • Urinary catheter use
  • Long-term corticosteroid use
  • Chemotherapy

Surgery is the standard treatment.

Orthopaedic doctors usually prefer to try conservative treatments first, but surgery is typically required for osteomyelitis. Surgery is performed to accomplish the following goals:

  • Drainage of pus and fluids
  • Removal of diseased tissue and bone
  • Restoration of blood flow to the bone

The complications can include bone death.

Very severe, sometimes life-threatening complications can develop if osteomyelitis isn’t treated promptly. These complications include osteonecrosis, or bone death, which might require amputation. Septic arthritis is another possible complication.

Patients with bone infections can find the prompt, attentive care they need at MK Orthopaedics. Our team of orthopaedic doctors and surgeons in Shorewood are all highly trained providers who are dedicated to our patients’ well-being and safety. You can reach us at (815) 741-6900.

Joint Mobilization in Physical Therapy

Joint mobilization is a passive technique used in physical therapy. It can address deficiencies such as poor range of motion in a joint. To perform joint mobilization, the physical therapist will gently and slowly move the patient’s injured body part. The patient does not contribute to the movement. As part of an overall physical therapy program, joint mobilization may play a role in the recovery from an orthopaedic surgery, or as part of a nonsurgical treatment plan for sports injuries.

One example of a joint mobilization exercise is the knee flexion movement. The patient lies on the stomach, and the physical therapist slowly oscillates the knee back and forth. Initially, the provider may only do up to two sets of 10 oscillations. As the patient’s recovery progresses, the number of repetitions will increase.

For your convenience, MK Orthopaedics offers onsite rehabilitative services at our state-of-the-art physical therapy center. Call (815) 741-6900 to request a sports medicine consult in Joliet, or to schedule your next physical therapy appointment with our licensed providers.

Knee Clicking Sounds: Normal or Not?

Knee replacement surgery patients receive extensive patient education from the orthopaedic surgery team, including the potential problems to watch out for after the procedure. Some knee clicking sounds are normal after the surgery. However, your orthopaedic surgeon may still want to evaluate you, especially if you experience any pain with the clicking sounds.

When you watch this video, you’ll get a brief introduction to the anatomy of your replacement knee. Because of the movement of the knee’s components, the clicking sounds are more likely to occur when you stand up from a seated position.

MK Orthopaedics is a leading provider of advanced knee replacement surgeries in Joliet. If you have any questions about your pre-operative instructions or post-operative care, you can always reach us at (815) 741-6900.

What Diabetics Should Know About Orthopaedic Surgery

Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease that affects the ability of the body to produce or use insulin. Unless treated properly, this results in unstable blood glucose levels, and may lead to complications such as nerve damage. Another problematic aspect of diabetes is that it can complicate orthopaedic surgery. Diabetics will need more careful preparation before surgery than most other patients.

Potential Risks of Surgery

Your orthopaedic surgeon will help you understand the ways in which diabetes can affect your health during and after surgery. Due to inhibited blood circulation, diabetics tend to heal more slowly, and they may be at an increased risk of infections at the surgical site. There is also an increased risk of:

  • Heart problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Fluid and electrolyte problems
  • Poor blood glucose control before, during, and after surgery

Effective Approach to Blood Glucose Management

With careful planning, it’s possible to minimize these risks. Your surgeon may coordinate with your primary care doctor or endocrinologist to plan a safe surgery for you. You will need to:

  • Inform the surgeon of all of your medicines
  • Inform the surgeon of any diabetes complications you may have
  • Discuss whether you need to temporarily discontinue diabetes drugs
  • Follow a strict plan to control blood glucose during the week prior to surgery
  • Take the recommended dose of insulin the night before or day of surgery

Expect to have your blood glucose checked when you arrive at the orthopaedic surgery center. If it’s too high, your surgery may need to be rescheduled. Otherwise, the anesthesiologist may give you insulin during your surgery, as needed.

Considerations for Post-Operative Recovery

Follow your doctor’s recommendations for checking your glucose after the surgery. During this time, the following factors can affect your blood glucose control.

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty eating
  • Reduced physical activity
  • Stress
  • Post-operative medications

Call your doctor right away if you notice signs of an infection, or if you have problems with glucose control.

At MK Orthopaedics, the safety and well-being of our patients are our highest priorities. Our orthopaedic surgeons in Joliet have plenty of experience working with high-risk patients who have multiple medical issues, and we can develop a surgery plan that’s right for you. Get in touch at (815) 741-6900.

Stages and Progression of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, and a chronic, inflammatory condition. It involves painful, debilitating symptoms of the joints and tissues throughout the body. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system attacks healthy tissues, causing inflammation and damage that can grow progressively worse over time. There’s no cure for rheumatoid arthritis, but orthopaedic doctors recommend treating the disease as early as possible. Otherwise, patients run the risk of more severe, widespread damage.

Stage One

The treatment recommendations for rheumatoid arthritis can depend on the exact stage a patient is in. During this earliest stage, the joint capsule is inflamed and the synovial tissue is swollen. Patients will experience joint pain with movement, stiffness, and swelling. Upon examining X-rays, doctors will generally not notice any signs of joint destruction, although there may be some bone erosion.

Stage Two

Stage two is moderate rheumatoid arthritis. Patients are diagnosed with stage two when the inflammation of the synovial tissue begins to spread and affect the cartilage of the joint. As the cartilage is destroyed, the joint pain is accompanied by loss of range of motion and mobility in that area.

Stage Three

Stage three is severe rheumatoid arthritis. Patients in stage three will experience worsening, debilitating pain. The affected joint can be severely swollen, and patients are likely to experience a loss of mobility, and perhaps poor muscle strength. The joint may start to look physically deformed. During stage three, the inflammation starts to destroy the bone, as well as the cartilage.

Stage Four

Stage four is terminal or end-stage rheumatoid arthritis. The inflammatory process ceases. Fibrous tissue forms, and the joints no longer function due to the severe damage. Nodules, or bumps, can be visible under the skin. Patients will still suffer from pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility in this stage.

Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the many conditions we can treat here at MK Orthopaedics. Our orthopaedic doctors in Joliet are committed to helping each of our patients live full, active lives without painful symptoms. Call (815) 741-6900 to request a consult with an orthopaedic doctor.

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