Understanding the Different Types of Joints in the Body

Joints leg injury concept

Not only does the human body come equipped with joints that allow for ease of mobility, but also contains several types of joints that enable nuanced motion and flexibility. Though joints are amazing components of the body, they are also prone to injury. Fortunately, orthopaedic doctors can capably correct many joint issues through effective treatments. The following overview explores several kinds of joints and where you can find them in the human body:

Ball-and-Socket Joints

Ball-and-socket joints are the joints with the largest range of motion . These joints form from the end of one bone resting in that of another bone, allowing for virtual 360-degree movement. Both the shoulder and hip are ball-and-socket joints.

Hinge Joints

Hinge joints work much like the hinges on a door or gate, allowing forward and backward motion on a 180-degree plane. They form from the connection of two or more bones that are strengthened by supportive tendons and muscles. The elbow and knee are two well-known hinge joints.

Gliding Joints

Though they may not achieve the same demonstrative range of motion as ball-and-socket or hinge joints, gliding joints are just as impressive. Both the wrists and ankles are examples of gliding joints, which allow multiple bone segments to effortlessly glide over each other to provide movement.

Rotary Joints

Rotary joints function on an axis, which provides side-to-side motion. The head is the most evident example of a rotary joint in the human body.

Saddle and Conyloid Joints

The fingers have many saddle and conyloid joints, which provide rotating movement as well. Similar to ball-and-socket joints, these small but vital joints allow for hand flexibility.

If you are suffering from a joint injury, call MK Orthopaedics today at (815) 741-6900 to set up an appointment with one of our orthopaedic doctors . Our Joliet facility provides comprehensive orthopaedic treatment for many joint issues, including rotator cuff tears, tennis elbow, and ACL injuries.

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