A Quick Guide to Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee medical exam

Patients with severe knee pain caused by osteoarthritis are often good candidates for knee replacement surgery, especially if their symptoms have not been improved by medication, physical therapy, or exercise. This surgical procedure replaces the ends of the thigh and shin bones in the damaged joint, creating new artificial joint surfaces.

Before surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon will select the most appropriate implants for the procedure, depending on whether it will involve total joint replacement or unicompartmental (partial) replacement. The implants will include a femoral (thigh bone) component, a plastic spacer, and a tibial (shin bone) component. The doctor will remove the damaged cartilage, reshape the ends of the femur and tibia to accommodate the implant components, and then secure the knee joint implants with cement. Some implants may require screws or pegs for better stabilization. Following surgery, rehabilitation will be necessary in order to resume daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, and sitting and standing. Orthopaedic doctors often recommend physical therapy and exercise to strengthen the leg muscles.

If you are suffering from advanced osteoarthritis and believe you may benefit from knee replacement surgery, contact the orthopaedic surgeons at MK Orthopaedics today. Call our office at (815) 741-6900 for access to top orthopaedic care in the Joliet area.

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