Your knees play a vital role in your movement and day to day activities. When you suffer from an arthritic knee, the pain and lack of function can have a severe impact on your life and cause you to be less active. For patients who have arthritis in their knee, an orthopaedic surgeon may recommend a procedure called a high tibial osteotomy.
Reshaping the Knee
A high tibial osteotomy is often performed to delay the need for partial or total knee replacement surgery. This procedure is frequently advised for patients who suffer from osteoarthritis, or pain that results from malalignment or instability in their knee. During the surgery, an orthopaedic surgeon reshapes the top of the tibia to provide better balance and relieve pressure in the knee.
Adjusting the Tibia
Each step that you take puts significant force on your knee, which is dampened by meniscus tissues and articular cartilage. For people who suffer from osteoarthritis in their knee, these cushioning materials become worn down, which can cause pain in the knee, as well as popping and catching. When the knee joint suffers from malalignment, unbalanced pressure on either the inner or outer portion of the knee can cause this wearing to occur on one side only. Through a high tibial osteotomy, an orthopaedic surgeon addresses the malalignment by reducing the height of the bone on the side that is under added pressure.
Balancing in the Joint
During a high tibial osteotomy, the surgeon removes a wedge of bone from the side of the tibia that is too high. Next, the surgeon closes the space between the wedge, which relieves pressure from the damaged side of the knee, and places some of it on the healthier side. The result is more equal pressure in the joint that can help relieve pain and improve function.
At MK Orthopaedics, we specialize in a wide range of treatments to help reduce your knee, neck, and back pain and increase your mobility. If you’re looking for a highly qualified orthopaedic doctor in Joliet , give as a call at (815) 741-6900.
The cartilage in your joints helps your body move without pain or difficulty. When patients suffer from an injury or condition that affects their cartilage and fails to respond to non-invasive treatments, their orthopaedic doctor may recommend cartilage transplantation.
Conditions that Damage Cartilage
Articular cartilage describes the cushioning tissue that protects the ends of bones where they meet at joints. This cartilage is what allows your bones to glide comfortably against each other when you move. Injury, overuse, meniscus tears, misalignment, and muscle weakness can all contribute or cause damage to articular cartilage. Medical conditions that can result in worn down joint cartilage include infections, psoriasis, osteoarthritis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Benefits of Cartilage Transplantation
Cartilage does not typically heal itself well, so transplantation is often required for the alleviation of severe symptoms related to cartilage damage. By replacing the deteriorated cartilage with fresh, healthy tissue, patients can experience a reduction in their symptoms that can include poor joint function and joint pain.
Candidates for Cartilage Transplantation
In many cases, orthopaedic doctors recommend this procedure to patients who are young and are not likely to experience further cartilage damage in the near future. Ideal candidates are under 55 years of age and are at a healthy weight. They will also experience persistent pain with activity, have stable ligaments and proper alignment in the joint, and have little or no arthritis in the joint.
Types of Cartilage Transplantation
This procedure falls into two primary categories: autograft and allograft. Autograft cartilage transplantation involves taking the cartilage from one part of the patient’s body and placing it in the damaged area. Allograft cartilage transplantation, on the other hand, uses healthy cartilage tissue from a deceased human donor. The joints most commonly treated with this surgery are the knee, ankle, and shoulder.
Do you need an orthopaedic doctor in Joliet? If so, look no further than MK Orthopaedics . To schedule an ACL tear appointment with one of our experienced doctors, call us today at (815) 741-6900.
Physical therapy is a noninvasive approach to strengthening the muscles, increasing flexibility, improving range of motion, and reducing painful symptoms. Your orthopaedic doctor may recommend physical therapy in addition to other noninvasive treatments such as medications. In this case, physical therapy can help you recover from a sports injury without the need for surgery. Other patients who do need surgical intervention can use physical therapy after their procedures to accelerate their recovery from the surgery and improve daily functioning.
Physical therapy can accomplish much more than just muscle strengthening. Your orthopaedic doctor may refer you to a physical therapist for extensive patient education. The therapist can help you learn about proper body mechanics and posture to support your recovery and reduce your risk of suffering a recurrent injury.
MK Orthopaedics provides physical therapy as part of our continuum of care for patients who have sustained a sports injury or other orthopaedic condition. Call our office at (815) 741-6900 to request a consult with a sports medicine specialist in Joliet.
Amputation of the feet is a major concern for diabetics. Diabetes can inflict nerve damage and suppress healthy blood circulation, both of which can contribute to foot ulcers that may be slow to heal. A non-healing ulcer may eventually result in the need for amputation. One possible way to reduce the risk of foot amputation is to consult an orthopaedic surgeon about correcting biomechanical problems that encourage the development of ulcers. For instance, an orthopaedic surgeon may lengthen the Achilles tendon to reduce pressure on the foot bones while walking. This can allow existing foot ulcers to heal more readily and it may help prevent new ones from forming.
Another way to prevent foot amputation is to inspect the feet daily for signs of injuries. If any injuries develop, an orthopaedic surgeon can debride the dead or infected tissue if need be, which promotes healing. Of course, it’s preferable to prevent ulcers from forming in the first place. Diabetics can promote better blood circulation by quitting smoking if applicable and managing their blood sugar properly.
If you notice signs of injury on your feet and you’re a diabetic, you can contact an orthopaedic doctor in Joliet at (815) 741-6900. MK Orthopaedics provides a wide range of nonsurgical and surgical interventions, including treatments for sports injuries and foot problems.
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