What Happens During a High Tibial Osteotomy

Your knees play a vital role in your movement and day to day activities. When you suffer from an arthritic knee, the pain and lack of function can have a severe impact on your life and cause you to be less active. For patients who have arthritis in their knee, an orthopaedic surgeon may recommend a procedure called a high tibial osteotomy.

high tibial osteotomy

Reshaping the Knee

A high tibial osteotomy is often performed to delay the need for partial or total knee replacement surgery. This procedure is frequently advised for patients who suffer from osteoarthritis, or pain that results from malalignment or instability in their knee. During the surgery, an orthopaedic surgeon reshapes the top of the tibia to provide better balance and relieve pressure in the knee.

Adjusting the Tibia

Each step that you take puts significant force on your knee, which is dampened by meniscus tissues and articular cartilage. For people who suffer from osteoarthritis in their knee, these cushioning materials become worn down, which can cause pain in the knee, as well as popping and catching. When the knee joint suffers from malalignment, unbalanced pressure on either the inner or outer portion of the knee can cause this wearing to occur on one side only. Through a high tibial osteotomy, an orthopaedic surgeon addresses the malalignment by reducing the height of the bone on the side that is under added pressure.

Balancing in the Joint

During a high tibial osteotomy, the surgeon removes a wedge of bone from the side of the tibia that is too high. Next, the surgeon closes the space between the wedge, which relieves pressure from the damaged side of the knee, and places some of it on the healthier side. The result is more equal pressure in the joint that can help relieve pain and improve function.

At MK Orthopaedics, we specialize in a wide range of treatments to help reduce your knee, neck, and back pain and increase your mobility. If you’re looking for a highly qualified orthopaedic doctor in Joliet , give as a call at (815) 741-6900.

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