How Do Broken Bones Heal?

Fractures are a common type of sports injury. An orthopaedic doctor can apply a cast or splint to maintain the proper alignment of the bones as they heal. When a bone breaks, the body quickly forms a blood clot in the area. This happens within a matter of hours. The immune system also responds to the fracture. It works to destroy any germs introduced by the injury, and to deal with tiny fragments of broken bone tissue. The affected area of the body starts to grow new blood vessels. A steady supply of nutrient-rich, oxygenated blood is essential for the healing process.

During the next few days and weeks, the body gradually develops a callus around the break. It’s comprised of collagen, and it replaces the blood clot. Osteoblasts get to work to create new bone tissue. Eventually, a hard callus is formed. This process generally lasts about six to 12 weeks after the injury occurred.

At MK Orthopaedics, we have trained and certified casting and immobilization specialists on staff, as well as a dedicated treatment room for cast application. You can reach us at (815) 741-6900 if you or your child has suffered a sports injury in the Joliet or Bolingbrook areas.

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